Research Data

2022 Research and Development

February VO2 Max Testing of 6 Elite Ultra-endurance Athletes

Peter Mortimer

Age: 40 Gender: Male Height/Weight: 6’3” / 175.0 lb. BMI 21.9

Notes About Peter's Testing

Peter resides in the ‘sweet spot’ for training at 7000’ and has the ability to go to 11,000’ or down to 2000’ for training adaptations. Peter’s 2nd test (fasted + VESPA) resulted in the Treadmill shutting down as the gradient was increased from 2% to 3% gradient. A 3rd VO2Max test was performed on March 25, 2022. During the week preceding the test Peter had a big block of mountain trail running with a lot of elevation. On the day before his test he had a blood draw which resulted in 7 vials of blood being withdrawn.

Special Note*

On Peter Mortimer’s 2nd test (Fasted + Vespa) the treadmill shut down when the gradient was changed from 2% to 3% and would not restart. Testing had to be rescheduled for March 25, 2022 . Due to the shutdown the retest started at a lower pace of 5 MPH to make sure the treadmill was functioning properly. So there was a 14:30 delay to getting to an equivalent pace of 6 MPH

Fasted

Fasted + Vespa

Aborted Fasted + Vespa

Test aborted due to Treadmill shut down

V02 Composition

Comparative V̇O2 rates from all three tests

V02 Composition

Comparative V̇O2 rates from all three tests adjusted to match speed

Fasted Data

Fasted + Vespa

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    Lauren Coury

    Age: 35 Gender: Female Height/Weight: 5’4” 120.0 lb BMI: 20.6

    Notes About Lauren's Testing

    Notes: Elite level Half Marathon, Marathon and Ultra Only Female in Group Only non-fat adapted person in group. Follows a typical athlete high carb diet and fueling but has successfully used Vespa in the past on many races

    Fasted

    Fasted + Vespa

    VO2 Composition

    Comparative VO2 rates from both tests

    Fasted

    Fasted + Vespa

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      Nick Coury

      Age: 35 Gender: Male Height/Weight: 5’8” / 140.0 lb. BMI 20.7

      Notes About Testing

      Energy Substrate Utilization, X Axis Time, Y Axis Kcal/Hour, (to convert to Grams per Minute: Kcal/Hr divided by 60 minutes per hour divided by 9 calories/gram for fat or 4 calories/gram for CHO) 1000 Kcal/hour is 1.85 grams per minute of fat oxidation, 1100 Kcal/hour is 2.03 grams per minute of fat oxidation

      Notes About Nick's Testing

      Nick set an American Record for 24 hours in mid-December. Subsequent to that record setting he has gone into the longest rest block in years so was not near peak condition nor was he following any kind of carbohydrate restriction for this test but is metabolically fit. Nick is a high level developer, currently working for Google and part owner and data developer for Aravampai Running, an events company in Arizona and Colorado principally focused on various running events from 5K to 250 miles. While his job is demanding it does give him time flexibility to train around. Interestingly enough both his tests yielded the same peak fat oxidation.

      Fasted

      This data represents Nick’s test while fasting

      Fasted + Vespa

      This is the test data from Nick’s test while using Vespa

      VO2 Composition

      Comparative V̇O2 from both tests

      Fasted

      Fasted + Vespa

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        Jeff Browning

        Age: 50 Gender: Male Height/Weight: 5’8” / 142.0 lb. BMI 21.6

        Notes About Testing

        Energy Substrate Utilization, X Axis Time, Y Axis Kcal/Hour, (to convert to Grams per Minute: Kcal/Hr divided by 60 minutes per hour divided by 9 calories/gram for fat or 4 calories/gram for CHO) 1000 Kcal/hour is 1.85 grams per minute of fat oxidation, 1100 Kcal/hour is 2.03 grams per minute of fat oxidation

        Notes About Jeff's Testing

        Jeff resides in the ‘sweet spot’ for training at 7000’ and has the ability to go to 11,000’ or down to 2000’ for training adaptations. Went into the testing extremely fit and fat adapted. Jeff is the only Professional Athlete of the subjects.

        Jeff's Fasted Test Highlights

        Jeff's Fasted + Vespa Test Highlights

        VO2 Composition

        Comparative V̇O2 for the two tests.

        Fasted

        This is the data from Jeff’s fasted test

        Fasted + Vespa

        This is Jeff’s test data while using Vespa
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          Jesse Haynes

          Age: 49 Gender: Male Height/Weight: 5’10” / 148.0 BMI: 21.2

          Notes About Testing

          Energy Substrate Utilization, X Axis Time, Y Axis Kcal/Hour, (to convert to Grams per Minute: Kcal/Hr divided by 60 minutes per hour divided by 9 calories/gram for fat or 4 calories/gram for CHO) 1000 Kcal/hour is 1.85 grams per minute of fat oxidation, 1100 Kcal/hour is 2.03 grams per minute of fat oxidation

          Notes About Jesse's Testing

          Jesse has probably the highest stress profession of the athletes tested with a long commute on top of his work. Most of his training is limited to weekend with a few short runs during the week. For this test Jesse got up at 3 am to drive from Orange County, Ca to Phoenix for testing. He was fasted but did have coffee for the drive over. He also had a compacted / stressful previous four days at work. All of this highlights the impacts of chronic stress. Despite all these impacts Jesse is able to run at an elite level.

          Fasted

          Fasted + Vespa

          VO2 Composition

          Comparative V̇O2 for both tests

          Fasted

          Fasted + Vespa

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            Anthony Kunkel

            Age: 29 Gender: Male Height/Weight: 5’7” / 132.0 lb. BMI 20.7

            Notes About Anthony's Testing

            Lives and trains at 6500’ most of the year with elevations up to 14,000’ First test just one week out from a top 10 finish at the Phoenix/Mesa Marathon running a 2:31:42 for 8th place. Early Adopter of Vespa and OFM

            Anthony's Fasted Test Highlights

            Peak Fat Oxidation: 1.46 grams/min Peak Carbohydrate Oxidation: 3.28 grams/min Crossover/MEP Fasted : 108% @ 37:37 Fasted Time to VO2 Max: 34:49 Fasted Time to AT: 40:06

            Anthony's Fasted + Vespa Test Highlights

            Peak Fat Oxidation: 1.34 grams/min Peak Carbohydrate Oxidation: 3.58 grams/min Crossover/MEP Fasted : 86% @ 37:43 Fasted + VESPA Time to VO2 Max: 43:41 Fasted + VESPA Time to AT: 44:23

            Fasted

            Fasted + Vespa

            VO2 Composition

            Comparative V̇O2 from both tests

            Fasted

            Fasted + Vespa

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              Testing Protocol + Data Taken

              Executive Summary

              Here are some of our takeaways

              Interesting Variables taken from the data

              Testing Limitations & Variables

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